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  •   State: 
    41°14′ N to 42°53′ N | 69°56′ W to 73°30′ W
      Area total: 
    10,565 sq mi (27,363 km²) [6,754,636.800 acres]
      Area land: 
    7,800 sq mi (20,202 km²) [4,992,794.880 acres]
      Area water: 
    26.1% = 2,715 sq mi (7,032 km²) [1,761,841.920 acres]
    3,489 ft (1,063.4 m) Mount Greylock
    February 6, 1788 (6nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    891/sq mi (344/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $688,392 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 2.79% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 2.81% from 2021.  9.3% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  47,060. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  6.4%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $98,609 respectively per capita 2023 = $103,340.
      Housing units: 
    3,036,334 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 1.3% increase compared to 2020, specifically 37,787 more housing units.

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade. The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Massachusetts is the 7th-smallest state in the United States. It is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States and has an area of 10,555 square miles (27,340 km²), 25.7% of which is water. Several large bays distinctly shape its coast.

Massachusetts US is a state of the New England region; as shown in the given Massachusetts location map that Massachusetts is located in the north-eastern part of the United States.

On the given map of Massachusetts one can find - it is bordered by Connecticut and Rhode Island from the south, New York in the west, and New Hampshire and Vermont in the north. However, in the eastern side of Maine Atlantic Ocean lies.

The Massachusetts is the education capital of the world because of the Harvard University situated in the Cambridge city. Today, the state is a leader in higher education, health care, high technology, and financial services. State’s more than 6.6 million populations live in the Boston metropolitan city. Boston is the capital city of the state. By taking help of the given Massachusetts map US one can find it the eastern half of the state comprises of urban, suburban, and rural areas, whereas Western Massachusetts is largely rural.

Boston's 2.5-mile Freedom Trail features 16 historic attractions, including Boston Common, the Bunker Hill Monument and the Paul Revere House. Don't miss the marketplace at Faneuil Hall! Throughout the history, Massachusetts US has been popular and in news; this is the first place of English settlement and also one of the first places that became the centre of US freedom movement. Above all, its city Boston is more popularly known as “Cradle of Liberty” for the agitation that led to the American Revolution for the independence from Great Britain; one of the most significant incidents in the history i.e. “Boston Tea Party” had been happened here. And, in the modern era Massachusetts again in news because it is the first U.S. state that legally recognizes same-sex marriage.

The US State Massachusetts occupies 20,205 m², about 0,22 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Massachusetts with 6,859,819 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 8,04 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 1,122,782 fewer people. The capital Boston alone has 694,784 inhabitants.

There was once a flood of molasses in Boston that killed 21 people. Some claim that parts of Boston's North End still smell like molasses on a hot day.

Boston is the largest city, at the inmost point of Massachusetts Bay, and the mouth of the Charles River. Despite its small size, Massachusetts features numerous topographically distinctive regions. The large coastal plain of the Atlantic Ocean in the eastern section of the state contains Greater Boston, along with most of the state's population, as well as the distinctive Cape Cod peninsula. To the west lies the hilly, rural region of Central Massachusetts, and beyond that, the Connecticut River Valley. Along the western border of Western Massachusetts lies the highest elevated part of the state, the Berkshires. Along with twelve national historic sites, areas, and corridors, the National Park Service also manages the Cape Cod National Seashore and the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. Most of Massachusetts has a humid continental, with cold winters and warm summers. Far southeast coastal areas are the broad transition zone to Humid Subtropical climates. The warm to hot summers render the oceanic climate rare in this transition, only applying to exposed coastal areas such as on the peninsula of Barnstable County. The climate of Boston is quite representative for the commonwealth, characterized by summer highs of around 81 °F (27 °C) and winter highs of 35 °F (2 °C), and is quite wet. Frosts are frequent all winter, even in coastal areas due to prevailing inland winds. Due to its location near the Atlantic, Massachusetts is vulnerable to nor'easters, hurricanes and tropical storms.

Massachusetts is known under different nicknames; aka Baked Bean State, or Codfish State (formerly represented on license plates by a codfish), or The Bay State, or Old Colony State, or Pilgrim State, or The Spirit of America (used on license plates), or The People's Republic of Massachusetts (colloquial), or Taxachusetts (colloquial) and detailed official information about Massachusetts can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Massachusetts, MA about 701,700 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 10.4% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Massachusetts are about 906,299 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $89,577 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $88,330, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $90,824 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Massachusetts = 39.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 50. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Massachusetts = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Massachusetts = 45.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 46 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 121. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 197. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 17.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 6,981,974 individuals with a median age of 38.7 age the population grows by 1.72% in Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 891/sq mi (344/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.77 people per household in the 2,504,234 households with an average household income of $89,026 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.40% of the available work force and has dropped -3.93% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.74%. The number of physicians in Massachusetts per 100,000 population = 315.2.

The percentage of housing units in Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 57.31%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 49 years with median home cost = $288,780 and home appreciation of -6.20%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $12.58 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $7,734 per student. There are 13.1 students for each teacher in the school, 1256 students for each Librarian and 523 students for each Counselor. 7.25% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.37% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 13.45% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Massachusetts's population of 1,457,351 residents in 1870 has increased 2,51-fold to 7,029,917 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 51.52% female residents and 48.48% male residents live in Massachusetts, USA.

    As of 2020, 54.28% in Massachusetts are married and the remaining 45.72% are single population.

  • 29.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Massachusetts require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    74.37% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.99% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 8.64% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.16% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Massachusetts, 57.31% are owner-occupied homes, another 7.59% are rented apartments, and the remaining 35.10% are vacant.

  • 59.16% of the population in Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 35.990%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 61.800%) of those eligible to vote in Massachusetts.

Skyline of Massachusetts

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Landscape of Massachusetts